Prevalence, Magnitude, and Methods of Rapid Weight Loss among Judo Competitors

Prevalence, Magnitude, and Methods of Rapid Weight Loss among Judo Competitors

Autor Artioli, Guilherme Giannini Google Scholar
Gualano, Bruno Google Scholar
Franchini, Emerson Google Scholar
Scagliusi, Fernanda Baeza Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Takesian, Mariane Google Scholar
Fuchs, Marina Google Scholar
Lancha, Antonio Herbert Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo ARTIOLI, G. G., B. GUALANO, E. FRANCHINI, F. B. SCAGLIUSI, M. TAKESIAN, M. FUCHS, and A. H. LANCHA. Prevalence, Magnitude, and Methods of Rapid Weight Loss among Judo Competitors. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 42, No. 3, pp. 436-442, 2010. Purpose: To identify the prevalence, magnitude, and methods of rapid weight loss among judo competitors. Methods: Athletes (607 males and 215 females; age = 19.3 +/- 5.3 yr, weight = 70 +/- 7.5 kg, height = 170.6 +/- 9.8 cm) completed a previously validated questionnaire developed to evaluate rapid weight loss in judo athletes, which provides a score. the higher the score obtained, the more aggressive the weight loss behaviors. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and frequency analyses. Mean scores obtained in the questionnaire were used to compare specific groups of athletes using, when appropriate, Mann-Whitney U-test or general linear model one-way ANOVA followed by Tamhane post hoc test. Results: Eighty-six percent of athletes reported that have already lost weight to compete. When heavyweights are excluded, this percentage rises to 89%. Most athletes reported reductions of up to 5% of body weight (mean +/- SD: 2.5 +/- 2.3%). the most weight ever lost was 2%-5%, whereas a great part of athletes reported reductions of 5%-10% (mean +/- SD: 6 +/- 4%). the number of reductions underwent in a season was 3 +/- 5. the reductions usually occurred within 7 +/- 7 d. Athletes began cutting weight at 12.6 +/- 6.1 yr. No significant differences were found in the score obtained by male versus female athletes as well as by athletes from different weight classes. Elite athletes scored significantly higher in the questionnaire than nonelite. Athletes who began cutting weight earlier also scored higher than those who began later. Conclusions: Rapid weight loss is highly prevalent in judo competitors. the level of aggressiveness in weight management behaviors seems to not be influenced by the gender or by the weight class, but it seems to be influenced by competitive level and by the age at which athletes began cutting weight.
Assunto WEIGHT CONTROL
WEIGHT CLASSES
SURVEY
ATHLETES
MARTIAL ARTS
Idioma Inglês
Financiador Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Número do financiamento FAPESP: 06/51293-4
Data 2010-03-01
Publicado em Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, v. 42, n. 3, p. 436-442, 2010.
ISSN 0195-9131 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Editor Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Extensão 436-442
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181ba8055
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000275324600004
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/32301

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