Bed and shower baths: comparing the perceptions of patients with acute myocardial infarction

Bed and shower baths: comparing the perceptions of patients with acute myocardial infarction

Autor Lopes, Juliana L. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Nogueira-Martins, Luiz A. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Barros, Alba L. B. L. de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Resumo Aims and objectives To compare the perceptions of patients with acute myocardial infarction concerning bed and shower baths and evaluate how antecedent variables influence their perceptions. Background Professionals are often oblivious to the fact that, when performing a bed bath, they are manipulating someone else's body and invading someone's privacy and intimacy. This lack of awareness may trigger various responses in patients, such as dissatisfaction and anxiety. Several studies assessing the perceptions of patients when receiving a bed bath, and most are qualitative. Thus, there is a need to quantify these perceptions. Design the research was a crossover study. Methods the sample consisted of 71 patients with acute myocardial infarction, admitted to coronary units. Patients were evaluated on two occasions: after their second bed bath and after their second shower bath. A Semantic Differential Scale was constructed and validated prior to data collection. Results the perception of patients receiving shower baths was significantly more positive than those of patients receiving bed baths (<0 center dot 0001). the only variable that interfered with the general perception of patients was prior hospitalisation (p=0 center dot 0468). Patients who previously experienced a hospitalisation had a less positive perception, concerning both the bed and shower baths, than those who were hospitalised for the first time. Conclusion the perceptions of patients receiving bed baths were less positive than those of patients receiving shower baths. Relevance to clinical practice the perceptions of patients receiving baths are very important to guiding nursing care and developing strategies to minimise patient dissatisfaction.
Assunto baths
perception
semantic differential
Idioma Inglês
Financiador Escola Paulista de Enfermagem (UNIFESP)
Data 2013-03-01
Publicado em Journal of Clinical Nursing. Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell, v. 22, n. 5-6, p. 733-740, 2013.
ISSN 0962-1067 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Editor Wiley-Blackwell
Extensão 733-740
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2012.04320.x
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000314922400014
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/36060

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